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Everything posted by Cixert

  1. It is USB 3 and it is connected in USB 2 with external power supply. The problem usually happens when I delete a lot of small files. With medium sizes I have not seen a problem. It is as if this did not have time to write in the FAT or the MFT. I don't quite understand the Y cable. which Y wire? so that? Thanks.
  2. Heh heh, I knew you would find the exception that proves the rule. Sorry to be so categorical, I want to make incremental copies, so after 4 TB I wanted 5 TB. In Spain I did not find any 5TB 3.5" disk. Even the large external drives I've seen have a 2.5" hard drive inside. I think that these days I have tried all the defragmentation programs and unfortunately I do not like any of them. I don't want to optimize the files on my hard drive, I just want to defragment and compact the free space like the Windows tool does. But all programs seem to insist on doing special things or just defrag or compact with fragmentation. It seems that none defragment and compact in less than 1 day. Maybe Deflagger but in 12 h. goes for 3% IObit Smart Defrag says to do it and fast, but then I check that it doesn't do what it says.
  3. I'll try to do the comparison with Gdisk in a few days. Now I'm running other tests. "Paragon GPT Loader" actually installs the drivers, the same as the original Paragon GPT Loader However, I confirm that "Paragon HFS for Win v.", the MAC system reader, also installs GPT on Windows XP with drivers updated to version and seems to fix many issues from the previous version. The problem with the blue screen with Paragon GPT on Windows XP SATA (no problem on USB hard disk) I have solved it by installing "Paragon HFS for Win v.". Then, since I use FAT32 on the Windows XP partition, I have modified the registry HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\gpt_loader Changing the ImagePath value: system32\DRIVERS\gpt_loader.sys by system32\DRIVERS\GPT_LO~1.SYS So I have rebooted and Windows XP has read the GPT HDD installed on the SATA port. I am writing and correcting the advances to work with GPT disks from Windows XP in this post and the next one: https://msfn.org/board/topic/181911-read-gpt-hard-disk-on-windows-xp/?do=findComment&comment=1249360 However, of course, I have a problem. The 6 TiB hard drive has 6 exFAT partitions but on Windows XP it is only able to read data from the first 2 partitions, which have more than 280,000 files. This happens with both, the Paragon GPT driver and the Windows 2003 driver. The only difference between these partitions, is that the ones Windows XP recognizes, have been defragmented with various programs since Windows Seven. On the other hand, I comment that when starting Windows XP "autochk" verifies the partitions that it later reads correctly and says that the ones it does not read are RAW. I also point out that CHKDSK from Windows XP does not work with exFAT partitions. And that no Windows operating system defrags exFAT partitions, so I have to use third-party programs. Regarding your comments about the limits, I say that there are no 5 TiB hard drives with 3.5", they are all 2.5". And that the limits on Logilink adapters are imposed by the firmware. From what I have been able to verify, Logilink is a brand located in Germany that does not really manufacture these adapters. The old adapters are made by a different manufacturer than the new adapters, although externally they appear the same.
  4. In MBR I have not any problem with these programs working with drives larger than 2 TiB -Windows Disk Manager (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned) -Acronis Disk Director (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned) -EaseUS Partition Master. -Eassos DiskGenius -Macrorit Disk Partition Expert -MiniTool Partition Wizard up to 10.3 I suppose that DBR refers to Disk Boot Record, I have not found technical information about it, it could be synonymous with MBR. The problem partition has fixed the errors after defrag or after CHKDSK (I'm not sure). In another partition that shows the same error it was not corrected with the above methods so I have corrected this automatically with Eassos Disk Genius. Then I have formatted the NTFS partition with exFAT, restored my files and started working. In less than 48 hours the same data loss error as in NTFS has occurred 2 times. When I am deleting an empty subfolder and the USB partitions are randomly unmounted from Windows (now I have tried Seven, before in XP), possibly due to a power failure, so when the partitions are remounted I see that all the main folder contents is gone, all files and all subfolders. The content is quickly recovered with the Windows tool "check for errors on this drive and fix it automatically". I gave this exFAT partition a cluster size of 8 KiB. I have also formatted another partition to exFAT with 1.4 TiB and set it to a 4 KiB cluster size. After filling it with data CHKDSK says no problems found. The size occupied by the partition has been reduced by 1-4 GiB using exFAT as opposed to using NTFS. exFAT seems to work faster than NTFS. The problem has been that again I have an accidental data loss in a few hours due to the USB port sudden disconnection. I have USB drive caching disabled.
  5. I am experimenting with a new 6TB hard drive with GPT and all are problems in all operating systems (XP-Seven-10) 1- My four new Logilink USB adapters are limited with GPT partitions to 5TB (in MBR to 4TB). I have to use a single unit older than I have. 2- I initialize the GPT disk in XP with Acronis Disk Director 12.5 Lite and create 6 partitions (oh I want to try exFAT format and it doesn't have the option to format exFAT). Other programs do not support GPT on XP. 3- After several problems I format the USB hard drive with exFAT from MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 in Windows 10. Surprise, Windows 10 does not recognize the format. Ok, I format from Eassos DiskGenius and there is no problem. Windows 10 recognizes partitions. 4- I start Windows XP and it perfectly recognizes the USB hard drive partitions. 5- I disconnect the hard drive from USB and I connect it as SATA. So I boot XP and get blue screen on GPT_LO~1.SYS (ok, I'll check this later, I have Paragon Loader and Windows 2003 drivers installed at the same time). 6- So I boot Windows 10 and surprise, the hard drive system and partitions are not recognized by SATA Windows 10 a few minutes after recognizing it by USB. It looks like an MBR disk with a 2TB partition called GPT and a second RAW partition. I test on Windows 7 and neither, it looks like a raw disk without partitions. 7-Then I recreate the GPT hard disk by USB from the Windows 10 Disk Manager and format the 6 partitions from it. Then I reinsert it as SATA and the result is the same. WINDOWS SATA DOES NOT RECOGNIZE GPT HARD DRIVES that have been initialized and partitioned via USB. When I'm thinking, s***, this is amazing. So I initialize the GPT hard drive from SATA and partition it from SATA. Then I connect the hard drive via USB and surprise, more crap, Windows does not recognize the hard drive created from SATA via USB. This is a summary of many other problems that I have encountered and have taken away sleep hours. The most amazing thing is that GPT hard drives created by USB are not read by SATA and those created by SATA are not read by USB in both Windows 7 and Windows 10. So, will it be recognized, if I create it via USB and then change the brand of adapter,? What if I create by SATA and change the computer hard drive will it be recognized? Surely everything has a logical explanation, but the problem has not been one, but many. And most of the GPT applications have not worked well on Windows 10. Is there a dark hand that doesn't want us to use big hard drives to prevent us from having a lot of content? Other various problems that I had is that when a GPT partition worked with a program that does not work well in XP or Windows 10 was damaged, the files contained in the other partitions were affected until I corrected the defective partitions from Windows 10. Test on Eassos Disk Manager on Windows 10
  6. So, what is the key where some USB adapters do not read MBR + 2 TB? What is the difference between one that reads it and another that does not? I have proven that it is not something physical in my adapter, it depends on the firmware version. New firmware = does not read MBR +2TB Old Firmware = OK And the 4 TB limit that I am experiencing in new adapters?
  7. Thank you, it is very valuable information for me, I will experiment with it. At the moment what I have done is to convert the partition FAT32 with cluster 32 KiB to NTFS partition and then I have changed the cluster to 8 KiB. Unfortunately it has not been a good idea. Just 24 hours working with the NTFS partition and a subfolder with 554 subfolders and 3113 files has suddenly disappeared. It is the folder in which I keep my Internet browsers collection. Directory: Program / Web / Browsers with 554 subfolders and 3113 files. It happens that in this partition I have files of multiple sizes. I have downloaded websites, stored without compressing that I gradually compress in Zip. When I have compressed a downloaded website then I have erased the files and the USB hard drive has suddenly disconnected from Windows XP. It is something that has already happened to me previously in FAT32, when I handle multiple small files suddenly the USB 2.0 unit loses the connection with Windows XP disappearing the partitions of My PC, a few seconds later Windows XP re-loads the partitions. However, when this unknown error happens in FAT32 I have not problem, but in NTFS this great folder has disappeared. I have tried to recover it without success with: R-Tools R-Studio Wise Data Recovery Easeus Data Recovery Eassos Recovery Amazing Dr. Recovery Then I have made a chkdsk /f /r and then yes, chkdsk has found huerphan files and folders that have recovered perfectly. I have been lucky, but I might not have realized this disappearance and have overwhelmed the folder. I am sure that I don't want NTFS. But I will try to discover the cause of the problem. Why is USB unit suddenly disconnected in certain situations? I don't know, but it's something that happens in all computers and hard drives. Examining the album with Eassos DiskGenius (menu Tools + Check Partition Menu Table Error) this tells me the following errors in the new hard drive copy, these are not in the old hard drive copy. "Warn: The Number of Sectors in DBR Less Than Current Value" This same error appears in the other NTFS partition with cluster 8 KiB on the new hard drive. I don't know if this seems that it has happened after changing the cluster size 4 KiB to 8 KiB, I do not know if it is a critical error that can be related to the disappearance of the folder.
  8. I have been working for a few days with this primary partition of 1.17 TiB in FAT32 with cluster 32 KiB without problems. It is a partition in which I copy and paste many files. Here I have saved programs of different sizes. And easily I use ZIP compression and decompression with many files. I would like to try exFAT but I read bad criticisms of a FAT32 fan, who also does not want NTFS. He says that suddenly in exFAT strange things happen with files that disappear and that he then prefers NTFS to store +4GiB files. The only problem I see in continuing to use FAT32 is that the size of Cluster is not appropriate for the files that I have. In NTFS I could use an 8 KiB cluster. My question is if exFAT works well with cluster 8 KiB or necessarily requires cluster 128 KiB. So there is lower exFAT file system overload? I ask why I read otherwise. In FAT32 with a 32 KiB cluster I am losing 6 GiB for 1 TiB. With an 8 KiB cluster I would lose less than 1 GiB. I have another primary partition, this yes in NTFS, I keep operating systems and backups of these. It is a partition in which I do not move as many files as I can do in the partition in which I have programs and so far I have not had problems although it has many more files. In other partitions that I have music and videos with a 32 KiB cluster I lose less than 1 GiB per 1 TiB. In the NTFS partition I also lose 4 GIB per 1 TiB due to the NTFS file system with $MFT type files, etc. At the moment I have no problems with extended partitions. The problem of using more partitions to divide the data is that the English alphabet has 26 letters. So, how in GPT can I have more than 26 accessible partitions from My PC? 2 data discs with 5 partitions = 10 letters 1 system disc with 4 partitions = 4 letters 2 DVD units = 2 letters 4 units pendrive = 4 letters 1 disquette = 1 letter Total = 21 letters I already have busy. I will also review that the restoration of 1,17 TiB USB 2.0 FAT32 backup image made with R-Drive Image took 2 days with Windows 2000 and more than 4 days with Windows XP. (It is a problem already known, although we do not know the cause)
  9. The tests that I have pointed out on the maximum sizes FAT32 cluster have been performed with empty partitions in Windows XP. I am afraid that there is some other limit in the number of files by partition. I do not know if it is related to the size of the cluster. I suppose it is unreasonable to think that problems may be related to a alignment of disk in the first partition greater than sector 63, especially because I have the problems in the second partition. I comment that because again I have formatted the 1208 GiB partition with a 16 KiB cluster size. And that is, when I have proven that there are no problems with this cluster size if there aren't files. That is, when the partition is empty, without files, Windows 2000 when performing the boot hasn't encountered problems and has started perfectly. Again I have formatted the partition with cluster 32 KiB and I am right now filling the partition with files. I will report if there are problems. I use Fat32 because the rest of the file systems do not like me. With NTFS I had problems with several Seagate 40 Gb hard drives. These contained Windows XP in the years 2001-2002-2003. NTFS overwrites the file system in the same physical area of the hard drive and this caused hard drives to fail in less than a year several times. With Fat32 a hard drive has never spoiled to me. Besides, I am afraid that someone encrypts my files with NTFS, so I consider better FAT32, I don't care that someone remotely see my hard drive, but I do care that someone encrypts it. I am studying the possibility of using exFAT but I read many negative things related to the file system overload. That is to say, the same problem commented with NTFS would occur but more increased. I am reading on the Internet that exFAT uses a 128 KiB cluster size by default, because if it uses smaller collapse the file system inputs, thus spoiling the SD cards of mobile phones. These are the sizes of cluster exFAT with which Minitool Partition Wizard allows formatting. exFAT PARTITION LIMITS (format with MiniTool Partition Wizard) Cluster 4 KiB = 1.00 TiB / 1025.00 GiB / 1049610.24 MiB Cluster 8 KiB = 2.00 TiB / 2049.00 GiB / 2098176.00 MiB Cluster 16 KiB = 4.00 TiB / 4097.00 GiB / 4195328.00 MiB Cluster 32 KiB = 8.00 TiB Cluster 64 KiB = 16.00 TiB Cluster 128 KiB = 32.00 TiB Cluster 256 KiB = 64.00 TiB ...and so on to cluster 32768 KiB (32 MiB) = 8192 TiB Comparing both tables, if this is possible, I will try to use FAT32 until reaching partitions of 4.7 TiB What format do large databases use and with what criteria divide hard drives?
  10. More or less a loss of 2 GiB is observed when passing from cluster 8 KiB to cluster 16 KiB, in this partition that has mixed size content. Keep in mind that when restoring an image the new partition is defragmented. By the way, that I have analyzed the same units with the Windows hard driver defragment and it informs that there are more files and folders than Windows XP indicated above. Both reports of both partitions match the quantity = 271,606 files in 29,557 folders According to the confession of the ex-engineer Microsoft, David Plummer, the limit of 32 GiB format on FAT32 was "because I say it" without any technical reason https://www.theregister.com/2021/01/04/windows_format_fat32/ I have been remembering the limits that I had checked in 2016 for Fat32. Finally I have remembered that the old partition of 760 GiB I put a cluster size of 8 KiB "because I say it" , although MiniTool Partiion Wizard did not allow me to format a Fat32 partition of this size with this cluster size, so I format this with Fat32 Format (guiformat.exe) that is not limited in any way. The result has been that during these 7 years I have not had any problem with this unit that I have used daily. I have tried enough special tools and I have not had problems (I think I have tried almost all those that exist), also on several occasions I have used chkdsk and check of Windows 2000/XP units have been executed tens of times when starting the system by bad session closures or light cuts. I have not used Windows 9.x or MS-DOS tools. Although I have tried, the MS-DOS system does not recognize such large units. The only problem I had now, when in tried the backup with a 16 KiB cluster size in the new unit, when the old unit should have already had the size of cluster 16 KiB. I have performed some tests with the maximum values that allow MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 and all have been satisfactory. So in the absence of an official documentation that indicates otherwise I will use the maximum values indicated by MiniTool. Pointing out that on the Internet there are information that says that a cluster size greater than 32 KiB is not compatible with Windows 95 or previous. And that other information say that the maximum number of files per folder in Fat32 is 65534 files. I think I remember that I had a problem in the past for this reason. FAT32 PARTITION LIMITS (format with MiniTool Partition Wizard) Cluster 4 KiB = 0.29 TiB / 300.99 GiB / 308213.76 MiB Cluster 8 KiB = 0.58 TiB / 600.99 GiB / 615413.76 MiB Cluster 16 KiB = 1.17 TiB / 1203.99 GiB / 1232885.76 MiB Cluster 32 KiB = 2.35 TiB / 2407.99 GiB / 2465781.76 MiB Cluster 64 KiB = 4.70 TiB / 4815.99 GiB / 4931573.76 MiB Cluster 128 KiB = 9.40 TiB / 9631.99 GiB / 9863157.76 MiB Cluster 256 KiB = 18.81 TiB / 19263.99 GiB / 19726325.76 MiB *Just I exceeds only 3.4 GiB the limit for cluster 16 KiB and problems arose. *Values from 64 kib are not given by MiniTool, these have been calculated by the previous amounts and I have not verified their correct operation. *You have to take into account the limits punctured by @jaclaz for the maximum partition size of 16 TiB with sectors of 4096 bytes and 2 TiB for 512 bytes sectors. (real calculation 15,9999999962747097015380859375 TiB & 1,9999999995343387126922607421875 TiB) Now I only have to know why in the new computers that I am using with large external USB hard drives, Windows XP does not perform the disc verification when starting the system.
  11. The real size of the sector can be checked on W2000 & on XP with Eassos Disk Genius. All my hard drives +2TB have a phisical size 4096 bytes sector. I have also verified this from Windows 10 with Fsutil Fsinfo Ntfsinfo X: When in the past I did backup copies on a hard drive 3 TB and on a 4TB hard drive I studied the limits of Fat32 partitions. Unfortunately I "do not" remember that and I do not find real information on the Internet right now. What are the limits of FAT32 partitions? There is a limit, that's true. But, I don't know if this is a limit on the cluster number or in the number of files. I think I remember that cluster size must be increased as partition size increases. My current situation is the following with the problematic partition, copying 759 GiB of the old Fat 32 cluster 8 kib partition to a new partition with 1208 GiB. I copy with R-Drive Image an image in another partition. I restore the image data in the problematic partition formatting this way: -NTFS 4 kib: No problem. -FAT32 8KiB: Windows reports an incorrect partition size and many files are not accessible. -FAT32 16 KIB: The data is correctly restored in appearance but these are the problems: 1-Windows 2000 correctly informs the size of the partition on my PC but gives an incorrect size in the number of files and folders on properties after selecting all folders. This happens both in the old partition (cluster 8 KiB) and in the new partition (cluster 16 KiB). Windows XP does report the number of files and folders correctly 2-Windows 2000 It is blocked after executing the Chkdsk order without parameters. In the new partition. When I restart the Windows 2000 system, it is not able to check if the file system is correct, in the new partition (16 kib) and Windows 2000 does not start. The old partition (8kib) is correctly proven. But both partitions cannot be proven in verifying errors on tools of My PC. In Windows XP the system starts without problems, but on this new computer and another that I have tried Windows XP does not check the USB hard drives file system when starting the system. On the old computer that I had before the old hard drive the partitions were checked when the Windows XP system started. Why are they now not checked on new computer? Windows XP is also not able to check partition errors with the tool that is on my PC. In summary, after copying 758 GiB of a FAT32 partition with cluster 8 KiB in a 1208 GiB partition with 16 KiB cluster there are problems, less than if the new partition had cluster 8 KiB but exist. What is the origin of the problems? What are the real limits of FAT32 partitions? According to Wikipedia, FAT32 partions have a 2 TB limit with a 32 kib cluster size. If this is true, then what is the limit of a 1 TB partition? In addition, Wikipedia says that the maximum number of files in a FAT32 partition is 268,173,300 files with cluster 32 kib. I have 278,275 files in old partition of 759 Gib with cluster 8 Kib, working so far without problems. But with the same files in the new partition of 1208 GiB with cluster size 16 kib there are problems. Old partition 759 GiB on Disk Genius New partition 1208 GiB on Disk Genius . . .
  12. What brand is the USB box? You should keep in mind that some modern boxes like the ones from Seagate are not compatible with Windows XP when the drives are larger than 2TB even if you use GPT. Also, most external boxes are limited to 2TB using MBR since these do not have LBA48 support. You would have to remove the hard drive from the original box and connect it with a compatible USB adapter. https//msfn.org/board/topic/183934-seagate-external-hard-drive-is-xp-incompatible/
  13. When can there be a problem when using the Windows NT6 Disk Manager or higher if the partitions are created from Windows XP Disk Manager? Thanks
  14. How to edit GPT partitions from Windows XP In 2016 I tested the partition programs that work correctly with MBR disks larger than 2TB in Windows XP, ruling out the others. The ones that worked were the following: -Windows XP Disk Manager (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned). -Acronis Disk Director (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned). -EaseUS Partition Master. -Eassos DiskGenius -Macrorit Disk Partition Expert -MiniTool Partition Wizard. In 2022 I have checked from the above that they work correctly with GPT disks in Windows XP. In Windows 10 they all work but in Windows XP they don't. It only works correctly: -Windows XP Disk Manager (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned). -Acronis Disk Director (year 2019) (although it possibly leaves the partitions misaligned). The following programs detect the GPT disk and its capacity but neither read the partitions nor allow them to work with the disk: -EaseUS Partition Master 16.8 (year 2022) -MiniTool Partition Wizard 12.5 (year 2021) In addition, the following program does not read the partitions but it does let you work with the disk, although it is possibly unable to complete the operations and leaves the disk defective: -Macrorit Disk Partition Expert 6.1.2 Pro (year 2022) The following program does detect the partitions, but when performing a disk operation it is unable to complete it and leaves the disk defective: -Eassos DiskGenius (year 2022) Therefore, only the following programs allow working with GPT partitions in Windows XP: -Windows XP Disk Manager. -Acronis Disk Director (year 2019) Being able to work alternatively with any of the programs mentioned in this post in its WinPE boot disk version (I have not tried it). PROCEDURE TO CONVERT MBR DISK TO GPT 1- With Acronis Disk Director right click on the disk and press "Convert to GPT". The procedure is not reversible if there are more than 4 partitions. 2- To create the partitions you must also use Acronis Disk Director or alternatively the Windows XP Disk Manager. Both programs give the same result, they set the first partition to sector 63. 3- Format NTFS partitions with Acronis Disk Director I don't remember right now if it works on GPT "guiformat.exe" aka Fat 32 Format to format large FAT32 partitions. I think there should be no problem. http://www.ridgecrop.demon.co.uk/guiformat.htm 4- I don't know of any program with which you could align GPT partitions directly from Windows XP, so you would have to align them from another operating system or with a boot disk from one of the programs mentioned earlier in this post. PROCEDURE TO CONVERT GPT DISK TO MBR It requires disk erasing, although it could work without data loss if there are a maximum of 4 primary partitions and no extended ones. The best procedure to convert GPT to MBR and partition the disk is: 1- With Acronis Disk Director convert the disk to MBR or use the "Clean up disk" option which will leave the disk uninitialized. The options are seen with a right click on the disk (not on the partitions). 2- Create MBR partitions with MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 3- Format large NTFS partitions with MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 or if they are created in FAT32 with "guiformat.exe" aka Fat 32 Format http://www.ridgecrop.demon.co.uk/guiformat.htm 4- Align partitions with MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 (versions higher than 10.3 produce various problems when formatting partitions) Note: After aligning the partitions, I understand that there is no problem of losing extended partitions when using the Disk Manager of higher versions of Windows, even though they have been created from the Windows XP Disk Manager. If it could happen the other way around, that after aligning the partitions there are problems with the Windows XP Disk Manager.
  15. I have tried the following 2 methods with external USB drives and have had no problems if these steps are followed and the indicated errors are avoided. READ GTP HARD DRIVES ON WINDOWS XP It can be done with any of the following methods. A - with the "Windows 2003" drivers B - with the "Paragon GPT Loader" driver A - with the 2003 Windows drivers Step 1 - From another operating system copy the Windows 2003 drivers replacing the current XP. "Partmgr.sys" copy in the folder: Windows \ System32 \ dllcache "Disk.sys" and "Partmgr.sys" copy in the folder: Windows \ System32 \ drivers Any version of Windows 2003 drivers works both v. 5.2.3790.3959 (W2003 SP2) as v. 5.2.3790.1830 (W2003 SP1). Both files have = number of bytes, only change version number. The files are valid for all languages (at least work with XP English & XP Spanish). Check that there are no more old versions in other folders such as \ Windows \ Lastgoods If these files are sought with the Windows XP search engine these do not appear, since these are special system files. Use an alternative search engine like "File Finder." Note: To copy them from the operating system itself, both files would have to be glued very quickly in both folders and then update the folder view checking that version 5.2 has been fixed Ideally, paste the files on the hard drive from another operating system, since we will not be able to perform step 2 from Windows XP itself. You can also try to deactivate Windows file protection. -To disable the Windows files protection, activate sfcdisable in the registry: HKLM \ SOFTWARE \ Microsoft \ Windows NT \ CurrentVersion \ Winlogon SFCDisable = 1 Restart Windows and copy the files. -Then deactivate it again: SFCdisable = 0 And restart Windows. Step 2 - Copy the "disk.sys" file of Windows 2003 inside the "sp3.cab" file that is in \ windows \ driver cache \ i386 with the Windows CAB file packaging" tool called "iexpress.exe" (Windows Cabinet) that is in \ Windows \ System32 Extract sp3.CAB: - Extract the files that sp3.CAB contains with Winrar or with 7zip or with IExpress (slower) in a folder whose name does not match "SP3" the name of the file to be created, since if it does not let it create it when packaging. - Paste the "Disk.Sys" file of Windows 2003 replacing the XP file. Packing sp3.CAB: - Go to start+run and write "iexpress". - In the menu choose «Create New Self Extraction Directive File» and press next. - In the menu choose «Create Compressed Files Only (Active X Installs)» and press next. - Add the files contained in the "ADD" folder. - To record the file to choose the location to examine, but the file.CAB is created in C: \ Documents and Settings \ User - Choose a name of 8 characters. Note: If the same file name is chosen as the folder enters the folder instead of saving it. - Mark allow compressed files to have a long name in "Store Files Using Long File Name Inside Package", leaving the other white box (Create Fixed Sice Cab File (s)). - Optionally save compilation. Note: If the same name as the folder has been chosen, the .CAB file is created in C:\Documents and Settings\user because the location is automatically blanked. Note: If step 2 is not done, then Windows XP stops booting when a new USB stick is installed. Since to install its drivers the original version of "disk.sys" of Windows XP is restored. There is no problem if you install the pen with the Windows XP drivers from before step 1 and then recopy the Windows 2003 drivers. At least until you reinsert a new pen. https://msfn.org/board/topic/183225-windows-xp-does-not-start-after-entering-kingston-usb-pencil/#comment-1210203 Step 3 - Star Windows XP The first time Windows XP starts with the new files takes several minutes. Be patient and wait. Note: Tested in Windows 2000, this gives blue screenshot with MBR discs, you can't access the Boot Device. B - With Paragon GPT Loader driver The loose Paragon GPT Loader driver is no longer offered on the Paragon website and is virtually impossible to find on the Internet. Now only the Paragon HFS for Win v. variant is offered, which also contains the Paragon GPT Loader driver inside, so we can use it to read GPT disks on Windows XP. This variant for reading MAC-formatted drives includes the Paragon GPT driver, while the Paragon GPT Loader version has the driver with many bugs. If Windows XP is installed on a FAT 32 partition before rebooting you need to modify the registry... Error correction: Any version of the Paragon GPT Loader driver that we install, be it the original, the HFS or the modified fork, contains an error that will cause us to suffer a blue screen when rebooting the system, at least if we have FAT32 on the Windows XP boot partition . This is because the driver file name "gpt_loader.sys" contains 10 characters instead of 8. It is installed in the \WINDOWS\system32\drivers directory. To solve it, we will modify the Windows registry as soon as we install it and before restarting the system. Go to start + run, type "regedit" and search HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SYSTEM\CurrentControlSet\Services\gpt_loader Here change the value of ImagePath which says: system32\DRIVERS\gpt_loader.sys by system32\DRIVERS\GPT_LO~1.SYS and then reboot. Problem solved. Fork version In addition to the official version there is a fork that fixes the bugs of Paragon GPT But, as far as I've checked, currently it's better to install Paragon HFS for Win v. which contains the driver. The current fork version is On their website they do not give the full version (despite the fact that it exists on other websites). And they do legally give the patches to correct the official version http://hardwarefetish.com/777-paragon-gpt-loader-3 (on this website there are only patches, there is no full version) How to install the fork 1 - Unzip 2 - Right click on the .inf file 3 - Install To uninstall the fork we need to install some official version and then uninstall it.
  16. -I prefer to use MBR disks for compatibility with Windows 2000. -I don't have any additional software that affects the file system. -The old disk partitions start at sector 63 and are misaligned. But it does not affect the copies on the new disk, since I have previously aligned it and when making the copies partition by partition the alignment of the new disk is maintained So, what is the problem that the partition is not accessible and why by software changing the FAT32 cluster size to 64 KiB the data is now accessible? Do you think that if I copy the data in this partition instead of in FAT32 in NTFS with size 4 KiB cluster the data will be accessible? I'm going to check it out. Thanks
  17. There are things that don't add up for the problem to be due to a cluster size limitation. 1-So, why is the data physically there and after converting the partition to a cluster size of 64 KiB now the data is accessible from My PC? 2-I have made the copy again to check if other systems are capable of accessing the data with an 8 KiB cluster. And no, it's the same for everyone. I have tried: -Total Commander -Windows 2000 -Windows Xp -Windows 10 Another FAT32 partition with 923 GiB and 32 KiB cluster size is perfectly accessible. And partition with 87 GiB and cluster 8 KiB also accessible. I have right now: Primary partition 1: 1.32 TiB NTFS cluster 4KiB Primary partition 2: 1.17 TiB FAT32 cluster 8KiB Primary partition 3: 87 GiB FAT32 cluster 8KiB Extended partition 1: 683 GiB FAT32 cluster 32KiB Extended partition 2: 389 GiB FAT32 cluster 32KiB Extended partition 3: 923 GiB FAT32 cluster 32KiB What cluster size limit are we talking about? I have pointed out that with a cluster size of 512 bytes the total limit of the sum of all MBR partitions is 2 TiB, but if the virtual size of the cluster is increased, the partitions can be larger. I know @jaclaz sees it differently. Then there is the maximum number of files a FAT32 partition can have. But it is that I am copying the same files that right now are working on My PC with a cluster size of 8 KiB. The only thing that changes is the size of the partition, which is now bigger. The number of files is the same. In total I have 281,584 files in 29,792 folders. I read that the maximum number of FAT32 files with 8 KiB cluster is 67,043,325
  18. I have installed on a hard drive with 4 primary partitions: 1-Bootloader only 2-Windows Seven 3-Windows 10 4-data Both Windows 7 and Windows 10 install pointing to their drive letter as C:\ I want the drive letter to be in the order of the partitions: 1-Bootloader = C:\ 2-Windows Seven = D:\ 3-Windows 10 = E:\ 4-Data = F:\
  19. I will continue testing. I'll try to copy the old drive to the new drive by creating an image of the old one and then restoring it to the new one. Both disks have the sector size at 4096. At the moment, what I can confirm is that Windows Disk Manager does not work with 5TB hard drives, whether the partition starts at sector 63 or sector 256. It is not capable of creating partitions. Edit: I am testing with a 300 GB disk and the box does not let me change the size of the partitions either. I do not know what is happening, I have already tried on several computers. However, I can create partitions if I manually type the size figure in megabytes.
  20. I am forced to install Windows Seven and 10 on my computer to be able to send documents to the Spanish administration. I currently have a hard drive with 4 primary partitions: 1-Only bootloader 2-Windows 2000 3-Windows XP 4-data The best way I can think of to install Seven-10 is with another parallel hard drive, which I'll remove when I boot 2000-XP. The same as when Seven-10 boots I will remove the 2000-XP hard drive. 1-Only bootloader 2-Windows Seven 3-Windows 10 4-data I don't like the original bootloader of NT6 & 10. On NT5 it's very easy to edit boot.ini with notepad and fix problems with fixMBR and other commands. While in NT6 all are very difficult problems to solve. For example, on NT5 I copy and paste boot.ini to any hard drive along with the boot files, select the active partition, and that's it. So is there a way to replace Windows NT6 booting with such a technically friendly version as boot.ini to allow dual booting of both hard drives? I read about Lilo and GRUB, but at first glance it seems complicated. They talk about the need for Linux to make modifications. Is there a bootloader that can be copied and pasted to the active partition as boot.ini? these loaders replace the cumbersome booting of Windows NT6? It is mainly what I want to eliminate. Can I install an alternative loader before installing Windows Seven? I remember that in the old days there were bootloaders that were installed from a floppy disk.
  21. It seems to be a cluster size issue. The physical cluster is 4 KiB. I have converted the partition inaccessible from My PC from 8 KiB cluster to 64 KiB cluster and now it is accessible from My PC and the files are displayed correctly. From what it seems it is a cluster size problem. Unfortunately MiniTool Partition Wizard only gave me the option to convert the cluster size to 2 KiB or 64 KiB, not 16 or 32 KiB. However, it does allow me to format it with 16 KiB. I want to clone my old 4TB MBR HDD to my new 5TB HDD by expanding partitions and cluster size. Does any version of R-Drive allow this operation? Does any other program allow you to perform this operation? Because otherwise it is not possible to clone disks with copies of incremental size. That is, in the case of the problematic partition, the original one measures 759 MiB with FAT32 and a cluster size of 8 KiB. I want to copy this partition to the new disk with a size of 1.17 TIB FAT32 and a cluster size of 16 KiB. But when cloning it with R-Drive Image, it formats the new partition with the cluster size of the original partition, finally making the data inaccessible. Maybe I am wrong, but I think I have read that in NTFS with a cluster size of more than 4 KiB it is not possible to encrypt the drive. I don't want a virus to enter to encrypt my data. That's why I want to put in NTFS a cluster size of 8 KiB. In any case, won't this partition go faster with an 8 KiB cluster?
  22. I had discussed several problems with this 5 TiB Seagate hard drive in this post. https://msfn.org/board/topic/183934-seagate-external-hard-drive-is-xp-incompatible/ I have kept this 5 TB harddisk unused until now. I have proceeded to copy my 4 TB hard drive to this 5 TB hard drive by expanding the partitions. I have connected to the computer with the only Logilink USB adapter model that allows working with hard drives larger than 4 TiB. Oldest USB Logilink AU0028 (without letter "A") work with MBR hard drive with 5 TB, newer Logilink adapters are limited to 2 or 4 TB depending on the installed firmware. I HAVE SEVERAL PROBLEMS: 1-I have proceeded to create partitions with the Windows Disk Manager and it does not work correctly. It only allows me to create full disks with no partitions or partitions up to 63 MiB. When I move the box to expand size it gets stuck at 63 MiB. If I decrease the size it starts to show negative -100 MiB, -400 Mib, etc. 2-OK, I correctly partitioned the disk with MiniTool Partition Wizard 10.3 (higher versions don't work well with any disk). So I have 3 primary and 3 extended partitions. I proceed to copy the old disk partition by partition to the new disk with R-Drive Image. Partition 1 original 1.03 TiB on NTFS cluster 4 KiB I want to paste in new partition 1.32 TiB NTFS 8 KiB. This seems to work without problems. Partition 2 original 759 GiB on FAT32 cluster 8 KiB I want to paste in new partition 1.17 TiB on FAT32 cluster 16 KiB. The operation says to finish without problems, but when I go to My PC the file explorer says that instead of 1.17 TiB the partition measures 182 GiB. When entering the content the folders are visible but when trying to access the files these are faulty. When I go to Windows Disk Manager it says that the partition is correct and that it measures 1.17 TiB. When I examine the disk with any partitioning program it says everything is ok and the partition is 1.17 TiB, however My PC still says the partition is 182 GiB. what is the problem, why my computer doesn't show the partition correctly after copying with R-Drive Image? The old 4TB drive has the first partition in sector 63 and according to Minitools it is misaligned. I have aligned the new 5 TiB disk with MiniTool before starting the copy and it has put the first partition in sector 256. Is it correct for a partition to start at sector 256? I am checking the size of the clusters and I see that after proceeding with the copy the original cluster size has been respected, both in the NTFS partition and in the FAT32 partition. That is, R-Drive Image has not copied the partitions with the new assigned cluster size. I have tried to solve the problem with larger cluster sizes but when making the copy the original cluster size is assigned. 3-OK, I proceed to make more copies of FAT32 partitions with large sizes (600-800 GiB) without problems. The problem seems to be when I exceed 1 TiB in size in FAT32. How do I get My PC to correctly recognize the partition? Is it a size limit problem on 1TiB FAT32 or is the problem in the R-Drive Image software?
  23. Sorry for the confusion. I should have mentioned this post. As I mentioned in my first post, the latest version of Spybot for Windows XP is 2.4.40. This does allow updating the database. On the web they also offer version 1.6.2 but this does not allow updating the database. The versions that allow updating the database is from v.2 onwards.
  24. I just tested Spybot - Search & Destroy version 1.6.2 @AstroSkipper Unfortunately up to version 2 it is not possible to update the database. Until 1.6.2 you had to update the entire program. Sorry.
  25. Safer-Networking "Spybot - Search & Destroy" It is officially offered for Windows XP in legacy version (2014-10-22). https://download.spybot.info/Spybot2/ It is a free anti-spyware program that offers the possibility of working as an antivirus in a paid version. I downloaded this version 2.4.40 in 2014 and it seemed more complicated than version 1.6.2, so I have since discarded the program. Now I see that it was the last version for XP and that the database is updated to the current date. Definitions can be downloaded in sideload for v. 2.x Version 1.6.2 is also officially offered https://www.safer-networking.org/spybot-1-6-2-mirror-1/

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